THE INTEREST IN STARTING BUSINESS AMONG ACCOUNTING STUDENT YEAR 2010 OF UMY IN 2012
At present, innovative and creativity are difficult to developed. This research tried to find the opinion of the respondent about the level of interest in starting business. This research was qualitative that collect the data by interview. The respondent were five students of Accounting Department Year 2010 Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta. This research has found the respondent that interest in starting business when they still study. There are some factors that influence the level of interest in starting business. Before starting business we need preparation and know the impacts that we get. In conclusions, the business can be formed and developed as like as that you want. The result of the research can be a new reference to make kind of this research in a bigger scale in the future.
Keywords: business, interest, student, UMY
Indonesia is a country with too much population. But the population in Indonesia is not matched with the number of jobs, it causes unemployment continues to increase from year to year. Unemployment problem can be resolved by the creation of new jobs. Entrepreneurship for students would be something thatis very encouraging. Entrepreneur will reduce the amount of unemployment. Entrepreneurship for students is expected to be a pioneer of economic development in Indonesia. In accordance with the purpose of Presidential Instruction No. 4 of 1995 is to grow the pioneering spirit of the younger generation to be able to become entrepreneurs. Especially at this time, the development of free trade causing that all aspects of society is required to prepare and create new job opportunities. Development of Indonesia will be more stable if supported by resilient and tough entrepreneurs. In this time there is no secret that the government has been very difficult to provide new jobs.
The phenomenon of unemployment increases every day and becomes one of the social issues that require resolution. At least jobs that exist today, the main reason for the increase in the unemployment rate in the country. Plus some factories or industries that many employees laid off due to bankruptcy. This condition can be reduced if we try to create jobs. For that all of society, especially among students who have the creativity and the provision of knowledge they have gained in world class, should have the mentality to entrepreneurship than hang themselves with job hunting along with millions of unemployed who are also looking for work.
The interest of student to starting business effected by variety aspect. One of this aspect is attitude of dependency with their parents,where most of the students are always asking for financial support to parents.It makes them not to develop and not think creatively.Dependence on giving parents would cause students to be consumptive. For those with an interest in students to entrepreneurship will minimize reliance on giving parents and consumer attitudes inherent.Various potential benefits students in entrepreneurship, such as having the opportunity to hone the entrepreneurial spirit, improving soft skills to be directly involved in the world of work, increasing the courage to start a business.
This research provide information about the interesting in starting business among Accounting students year 2010 of UMY in 2012. The data collected were based on these research questions :
1. How is the rate of the interest to start business?
2. How is the way and your preparations to start your business?
3. What is the implication of starting business in your study?
The data were taken from the Accounting students of UMY on the interest of starting business. This research is conducted by interview to collect the data with some questions related to the topic. Based on the analysis of the interview, we can know the interest Accounting student of UMY to starting business.
B. LITERATUR REVIEW
Dr. Ir Ciputra defines an entrepreneur is someone with “proficiency to turn dirt and junk into gold”. Definition changing dirt and junk into gold according to him there are three main meanings. The first is the occurrence of a significant creative change: from the dirt and junk that is worthless and thrown people into something that has a greater value. Both the final result of the changes have commercial value, not just regarded as a great work, but also has a high market value. Third gold for an entrepreneur to start bias of dirt and junk that is not worth, in other words with zero capital.
Entrepreneurship is an activity that can provide added value to the product or service through a transformation, creativity, innovation and sensitivity to the surrounding environment, so that the product or service is more felt by the user of products and services (Raymond Kao).
Entrepreneurship is the process whereby an individual or a group of individuals uses organized efforts and means to pursue opportunities to create value and grow by fulfilling wants and need through innovation and uniqueness, no matter what resources are currently controlled (Robbin & Coulter).
From the above definition of entrepreneurship, there are 3 key themes can be identified:1) the pursue of opportunities, entrepreneurship is with regard to the pursuit of trends and changes in the environment that others do not see and notice; 2) innovation, entrepreneurship include changes reshuffle, change shape, and introduce new approaches that a new product or a new way of doing business; and 3) growth, post entrepreneurial pursuit of growth, they are not satisfied with a small fixed or remain the same size. Entrepreneur wants to grow his business and work hard to achieve sustainable growth while seeking tendencies and continue to make product innovations and new approaches.